The Present Perfect Simple - [HAS / HAVE] + [past participle]
Present Simple
Have/Has in the Perfect Tense

The verb “to have ”is used as an auxiliary verb to help other verbs create the perfect tense.

Positive Statement
Subject form of the verb to have past participle (the verb to be) Contracted form (spoken)
I
have
been
I've been ... .
You
have
been
You've been ... .
He / She / It
has
been
He's been ... She's been... It's been ... .
We
have
been
We've been ... .
You
have
been
You've been ... .
They
have
been
They've been ... .

 

Negative Statement
Subject form of to have negation past participle (the verb to see) Contracted form (spoken)
I
have
not
seen
I haven't been ... .
You
have
not
seen
You haven't been ... .
He / She / It
has
not
seen
He hasn't been ... She hasn't been... It hasn't been ... .
We
have
not
seen
We haven't been ... .
You
have
not
seen
You haven't been ... .
They
have
not
seen
They haven't been ... .

 

Verb
Past Participle
 
Verb
Past Participle
be been   learn learnt
begin begun   sing sung
drink drunk   wear worn
hear heard   write written
hurt hurt   see seen

 

Questions
Form of to have subject past participle
Have
I
been / bought / seen ...?
Have
you
been / bought / seen ...?
Has
he / she / it
been / bought / seen ...?
Have
we
been / bought / seen ...?
Have
you
been / bought / seen ...?
Have
they
been / bought / seen ...?
 
On the forum - Practise the tenses

Want to know more about the use of verbs? Check out our recommended grammar books.

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